Herniated Disc (HNP)
A herniated disc is the rupture of the tissue that separates the spinal vertebral bones. It may also be referred to as a slipped disc, prolapsed disc or ruptured disc.
The most common symptoms of a herniated disk are low back pain and neck pain. You may experience sciatica—a sharp, often shooting pain that extends from the buttocks down the back of one leg. Other symptoms might include weakness in one leg or one arm; tingling numbness in one leg or buttock; burning pain in shoulder, neck or arm; or loss of bladder or bowel control.
For the first four to six weeks, treatment typically includes a combination of therapies, which may include:
- Physical therapy, exercise and gentle stretching
- Ice and heat therapy
- Chiropractic manipulation
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or narcotic medications for pain
- Oral steroids or epidural injections to decrease inflammation
Surgery may be considered if severe pain and decreased function continue after trying conservative treatments. Surgery can relieve compression and allow the nerve root the space needed to heal.