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Whiplash

Definition:

A neck injury caused by a sudden hyperextension, forcing neck muscles and ligaments beyond a normal range of motion and stretching or tearing some muscles, tendons and ligaments. Whiplash injuries can be mild or severe.

Causes:
Whiplash frequently results from being struck from behind in an auto accident. Other causes can include sports injuries or other blows to the head or any sudden trauma, such as a slip and fall, which causes hyperextension of the neck.
Symptoms:

Symptoms of whiplash may include:

  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Sleep disturbances
Treatment:
Neck pain (or cervicalgia) is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population having neck pain at some point in their lives.
IRG Pain Guide